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s a woman, you face many special concerns that call for heightened awareness about your health.This is especially true for breast care. Breast cancer is todays second leading cause of cancer death in American women lung cancer is the first.While research continues to seek ways to prevent, detect, and treat this disease, it is essential for you to stay informed so that you can make smart decisions about your health. By reading this booklet and working with your healthcare professional, you will b

How Much Do You Already Know About Answer True or False Breast Care T F 1. Healthy breasts can feel lumpy. 2. Changes to the outside of a breast may indicate a problem within it. 3. If I find a lump in my breast and the mammogram results are negative, its nothing to worry about. 4. As you age, your risk of developing breast cancer increases. 5. All breast lumps are cancerous. 6. Breast cancer is most common in women with a family history of breast cancer. 7. The composition of a healthy breas

The Healthy Breast ealthy breasts come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and textures, including lumpy. Its important to know whats normal for your breasts so that you can quickly notice any changes. By understanding the structure of your breasts, youll be better prepared to discuss any changes with your healthcare professional. H The collarbone extends from the breastbone to your shoulder. The breastbone runs down the center of your chest . Ribs are the ridgelike bones underneath your breasts. M

Changes In The Healthy Breast Your breasts may go through a variety of healthy changes throughout your life. Puberty Several months before the onset of menstruation, female hormones signal the body to begin developing breasts. Breasts may feel tender or even hurt a little at this time. One breast may develop more quickly than the other so there may be a slight difference in size. Menstrual Cycle Many womens breasts feel tender around the time of their period.This is because female hormones, pri

Early Detection Is The Best Protection Take control of your breast health by following the American Cancer Societys breast cancer screening guidelines Age 40 over Mammogram and clinical breast exam CBE yearly Age 20s 30s CBE about every 3 years Starting in 20s Choose whether or how often to do breast selfexam BSE. Consult your healthcare professional at the time of your CBE. NOTE If you think you are at higher risk for breast cancer, talk with your doctor about your history and what option

Mammography Can Be Lifesaving F or most women, mammography provides the best way to find breast cancer at an early stage, when treatment is usually the most highly successful. A mammogram is a lowdose Xray of your breasts that can detect many changes that are too small or too deep to feel. Mammograms are considered safe, quick, and relatively painless.They are available through a doctors orders or, in some cases, a selfreferral. Annual mammograms are recommended for all women aged 40 and over.

Myths Facts About Mammography Myth I dont need a mammogram unless my healthcare professional says I do. Fact Although most healthcare professionals remember to refer women for mammograms, you shouldnt wait for one to suggest it.The American Cancer Society recommends Yearly mammograms for women age 40 and older. Immediate consultation with your doctor if you detect a change in your breasts. Myth Ive had a normal mammogram so I dont need another. Fact Once is not enough. Every woman age 40 or

Clinical Breast Exam Y our clinical breast exam CBE is a physical examination of your breasts by a healthcare professional. During this exam, the healthcare professional will check your breasts, often using the same fingertouch technique that is used for breast selfexams see page 10. If you are 40 or over, it is preferable to schedule your annual CBE shortly before your annual mammogram so that any suspicious areas found during your CBE can be reviewed in the mammogram. If you choose to do bre

Breast SelfExam B reast selfexam BSE can help you become familiar with how your breasts normally look and feel.This knowledge may help you identify any breast changes that should be promptly reported to your healthcare professional.The American Cancer Society considers BSE an option for women starting in their 20s. Many experts recommend that women do a monthly BSE. The following steps will help you do BSE correctly. Lying Down THIS IS THE MOST EFFECTIVE WAY TO FEEL YOUR BREAST TISSUE. 1. To

Breast Changes That Need Attention Consult your healthcare professional if you find any of the following during your breast selfexam or at any other time Distinct single lumps that are either hard or soft . Changes in breast shape such as dimpling depression, bulges, or flattening. Changes in skin texture or color, including redness, orange peel pebbly skin, thickening, roughness, or puckering. Bloody or cloudy nipple discharge. Changes in nipple location or shape. Breast sores that dont

Not All Breast Lumps Are Cancerous M ost breast lumps are benign or harmless. However, all should be checked. Here are some of the more common breast conditions that may cause lumps. Fibrocystic Tissue The most common cause of breast lumps in women under age 50.The condition is not fully understood, but it is thought to be a reaction to overactive hormones.This causes the breasts fibrous tissue to increase, and several cysts andor clumps of fibrous tissue to form within the breast. Cysts Sing

What You Need To Know About Breast Cancer ancer is a general term for more than 100 diseases in which abnormal cells multiply uncontrollably. Breast cancer, in particular, is a term for several cancers that begin in the breast. The most common form of breast cancer is called ductal carcinoma and begins in the lining of the ducts. In the United States, breast cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer in women. The good news is that with early detection and treatment, the majority of women

10 Guidelines For A Healthy Lifestyle While doctors search for better ways to fight breast cancer with improved detection methods and treatments, they also continue to seek ways to prevent the disease. Some risk factors are at present uncontrollable.This includes certain genes that place 5 to 10 percent of women at extreme risk. Lifestyle risks are not totally understood nor are studies conclusive. However, by adopting the following 10 healthy lifestyle habits, you will be doing the best you ca

Answers To... How Much Do You Already Know Quiz on page 3 1. True Lumpiness is not a cause for concern as long as it is normal for your breasts. 2. True Dimpling, puckering, flattening, indentations and other changes seen on the outside of the breast may indicate a problem within the breast. 3. False A small percentage of breast cancers are not detected by mammography. Any lump in your breast requires further evaluation. 4. True Most breast cancers occur in women over the age of 50, and the ri

MAKE BREAST HEALTH AN IMPORTANT PART OF Your Life B reast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in American women, after skin cancer. A womans chance of surviving breast cancer is greatly improved with early detection and treatment.You owe it to your family, your friends, and to yourself to do all you can to stay informed and have screenings on time. The Best Protection Is Early Detection

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