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Teachers Manual Rebecca W. Keller, PhD

Cover design David Keller Opening page David Keller, Rebecca W. Keller, PhD Illustrations Rebecca W. Keller, PhD Copyright 2013 Gravitas Publications, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this public

FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL CHEMISTRY TEACHERS MANUAL Introduction iii A Note From the Author This curriculum is designed to give students both solid science information and handson experimentation. The

iv FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL CHEMISTRY TEACHERS MANUAL Introduction How To Use This Manual Each chapter in this Focus On Middle School Chemistry Teachers Manual begins by providing additional informati

FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL CHEMISTRY TEACHERS MANUAL Introduction v Materials at a Glance Experiment 1 pen labels from food products periodic table of elements from Focus on Middle School Chemistry Text

vi FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL CHEMISTRY TEACHERS MANUAL Introduction Materials at a Glance By type with total quantities Equipment computer with internet access optional cookie sheet cup eye dropper jar

FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL CHEMISTRY TEACHERS MANUAL Introduction vii Laboratory Safety Most of these experiments use household items. However, some substances, such as iodine, are extremely poisonous.

viii FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL CHEMISTRY TEACHERS MANUAL Introduction

Contents Chapter 1 Matter Experiment 1 What Is It Made Of Review of Terms Experiment 2 Making Marshmallow Molecules Review of Terms 6 9 10 14 19 1 Chapter 2 Molecules Chapter 3 Chemical Reactions E

x FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL CHEMISTRY TEACHERS MANUAL Introduction

Chapter 1 Matter Overall Objectives 1.1 Introduction 2 2 2 3 5 6 8 9 1.2 Atoms 1.3 Periodic Table 1.4 Summary Experiment 1 What Is It Made Of Conclusions Review Time Required Text reading Experiment

2 FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL CHEMISTRY Teachers Manual Overall Objectives This chapter introduces the concept that all things, living and nonliving, are made of the same fundamental components called at

CHAPTER 1 Matter 3 Protons and neutrons are roughly equal in size, and both have an atomic mass of 1 amu atomic mass unit. A proton carries a positive charge, and a neutron carries no chargeit is ne

4 FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL CHEMISTRY Teachers Manual The symbols of the elements are not always the same as the first letter or two of the English name since some elements were named in other language

CHAPTER 1 Matter 5 There are other trends or properties that are illustrated in the periodic table, such as atomic size and electronegativity, and these will be introduced later. The most important

6 FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL CHEMISTRY Teachers Manual The goals of this experiment are to help students begin to investigate the things in their world and to have them start to examine what those thing

CHAPTER 1 Matter 7 Answers may vary. ITEM 1. graham crackers 2. graham crackers 3. car tires 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. COMPOSITION sodium bicarbonate sodium salt sodium, chlorine rubber carbon and hydrogen EX

8 FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL CHEMISTRY Teachers Manual Help the students write accurate statements about the data they have collected. Some examples are given. Next, help the students think specifically

CHAPTER 1 Matter 9 Review Define the following terms Answers may vary. chemistry matter a branch of science concerned with the properties of matter a general term for what makes up all things the

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