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Illustrations Janet Moneymaker Marjie Bassler Copyright 2015 Gravitas Publications, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitt

Contents Introduction CHAPTER 1 Technology in Science 1. 1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Introduction Archimedes A Great Inventor How Science Shapes Technology How Technology Shapes Science Tools in Science Sum

CHAPTER 5 Nutritional Chemistry 5. 1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 Introduction Minerals Vitamins Carbohydrates Starches Cellulose Summary 42 43 45 46 47 49 50 41 Biology CHAPTER 6 Technology in Biology

Physics CHAPTER 10 Technology in Physics 10. 1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.7 Introduction Some Basic Physics Tools Mathematics Electronics Computers CERN Summary Introduction Inertia Mass Friction Mom

CHAPTER 15 Earths Spheres 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.5 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.5 16.6 Introduction The Spheres of Earth Connecting the Spheres A Delicate Balance Summary Introduction Minerals and Elements

CHAPTER 20 Our Solar System 20. 1 20.2 20.3 20.4 20.5 20.6 21.1 21.2 21.3 21.4 21.5 21.6 Introduction Planetary Position Planetary Orbits Asteroids, Meteorites, and Comets Habitable Earth Summary Int

Introduction

2 Exploring the Building Blocks of Science Book 6 1.1 Introduction Think for a moment about what it might be like to live in the 14th century. Imagine traveling back in time andfindingyourself in a s

Introduction Chapter 1 Technology in Science 3 The word technology comes from the Greek words techne, which means craft, and logy,whichmeansthestudyof.Sotechnologymeansthescientific study of craft. C

4 Exploring the Building Blocks of Science Book 6 Archimedes is also credited with inventing the odometer, which measures the distance a vehicle has traveled. Archimedes made the odometerbyfirstmeasur

Introduction Chapter 1 Technology in Science 5 immersed. Once the volume of the crown was known, he could calculate the weight it should have been. By weighing the crown, he could then determine if i

6 Exploring the Building Blocks of Science Book 6 The earliest star gazers had no way to see more than what they could observe intheskywiththeirunaidedeyes.Fortheseearlyastronomers,thetechnology for s

Introduction Chapter 1 Technology in Science 7 our solar system. Without the technology of the telescope, much of what we have discovered about the universe would still be unknown. Saturn as viewed

8 Exploring the Building Blocks of Science Book 6 1.5 Tools in Science Today,scientistsinallscientificdisciplinesusetoolsandinstrumentsthat were developed as a result of technology shaping science an

Introduction Chapter 1 Technology in Science 9 Science has driven the development of technological tools and instruments, and technology has expanded the developmentofscientificideasand discoveries.

Chemistry

22 Exploring the Building Blocks of Science Book 6 3.1 Introduction Modern technology has allowed chemists to explore not only the structure, size, and properties of atoms and molecules but also how

Chemistry Chapter 3 Acids, Bases, and pH 23 3.2 Properties of Acids and Bases Some general properties of acids and bases are listed in the following chart. Vinegar, tomatoes, and black coffee are al

24 Exploring the Building Blocks of Science Book 6 explaining acids and bases, andtheArrheniusdefinitions are still widely used today. Bydefinition,anArrhenius acid is any molecule that releases a hyd

Chemistry Chapter 3 Acids, Bases, and pH 25 it can be used in the chemistry lab to quickly determine whether an aqueous solution is an acid or a base. Litmus paper is a great tool for chemical geolog

26 Exploring the Building Blocks of Science Book 6 In 1909 while working for a brewery in Sweden, Sren Peter Lauritz Srensen 18681939 CE, a Danish chemist, introduced the pH scale pH is pronounced P H

Chemistry Chapter 3 Acids, Bases, and pH 27 acid HCl. This acid helps break down your food so that it can be carried to other places in your body. The inside of your stomach has a special lining that

28 Exploring the Building Blocks of Science Book 6 In general, any molecule that changes color when the pH changes can be considered an acidbase indicator. There are many different acidbase indicators

Chemistry Chapter 3 Acids, Bases, and pH 29 In 1934 Arnold Beckman 19002004 CE becametheinventorofthefirstsuccessfulpH meter. Beckman was a chemistry professor at the California Institute of Technolo

30 Exploring the Building Blocks of Science Book 6 3.7 Summary Acids are generally sour in taste, not slippery to the touch, and dissolve metals. Bases are generally bitter in taste, slippery t

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