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Teachers Manual Rebecca W. Keller, PhD

Cover design David Keller Opening page David Keller, Rebecca W. Keller, PhD Illustrations Rebecca W. Keller, PhD Copyright 2013 Gravitas Publications, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this public

FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL BIOLOGY TEACHERS MANUAL Introduction iii A Note From the Author This curriculum is designed to give students both solid science information and handson experimentation. The mi

iv FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL BIOLOGY TEACHERS MANUAL Introduction How To Use This Manual Each chapter in this Focus On Middle School Biology Teachers Manual begins by providing additional information f

FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL BIOLOGY TEACHERS MANUAL Introduction v Laboratory Safety Most of these experiments use household items. However, some items are poisonous. Extra care should be taken while wor

vi FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL BIOLOGY TEACHERS MANUAL Materials at a Glance Materials at a Glance Experiment 1 Experiment 2 Items such as tennis ball cotton ball orange banana apple paper sticks leaves

FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL BIOLOGY TEACHERS MANUAL Materials at a Glance vii Materials at a Glance Equipment aquarium, small cage, small for butterfly eye droppers 3 jars, small 2 or more knife measurin

viii FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL BIOLOGY TEACHERS MANUAL Introduction

Contents CHAPTER 1 Experiment 1 Putting Things in Order Review Experiment 2 Inside the Cell Review LIVING CREATURES 7 11 1 CHAPTER 2 CELLS THE BUILDING BLOCKS OF LIFE CHAPTER 3 PHOTOSYNTHESIS CHAPT

x FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL BIOLOGY TEACHERS MANUAL Introduction

Chapter 1 Living Creatures Overall Objectives 1.1 The Science of Life 1.2 Taxonomy 1.3 Domains and Kingdoms 1.4 Further Classification 1.5 Naming Living Things 1.6 Summary Experiment 1 Putting Things

2 FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL BIOLOGY Teachers Manual Overall Objectives This chapter introduces biology, the field of science that is concerned with the study of living things. In this chapter students

CHAPTER 1 3 Living Creatures 1.3 Domains and Kingdoms Before discussing the various taxonomic divisions, ask the students how they would classify living things. Ask them to make up their own groups.

4 FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL BIOLOGY Teachers Manual In spite of all the classification difficulties, two main kingdoms stay consistent throughout all of the proposed classification schemes. These are t

CHAPTER 1 5 Living Creatures The kingdoms Protista, Bacteria, and Archaea make up almost all of the microscopic organisms. The cell type of Protista has characteristics of both plant and animal cells

6 FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL BIOLOGY Teachers Manual The example shown in the textbook illustrates the different names for four different types of cats. It is not important that the students remember al

CHAPTER 1 Living Creatures 7 Experiment 1 Putting Things in Order Objective Materials Date In this experiment we will organize a variety of objects into categories. In this experiment, the studen

8 FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL BIOLOGY Teachers Manual The students will now record the characteristics of the various items. Help them to be as descriptive as possible. For example, oranges can be descri

CHAPTER 1 Living Creatures 9 Categories white fuzzy round square hard marsh mallow tennisball orange cottonballcottonball tennisball cottonball Have the students write the categories

10 FOCUS ON MIDDLE SCHOOL BIOLOGY Teachers Manual Help the students write valid conclusions about the data they have collected. For example Both oranges and cotton balls are round. Both cotton bal

CHAPTER 1 Living Creatures 11 Review What is taxonomy livingthings the branch of biology concerned with classifying List the three domains. EukaryaBacteriaArchaea List the six kingdoms. that has

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