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The Essential Bat The Essential Bat Kate Rugroden Amanda Lollar Illustrated by David Chapman Larry Crittenden Photographs by Amanda Lollar unless otherwise noted i

The Essential Bat Copyright 2012 by Bat World Sanctuary. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form, or by any means, elec

The Essential Bat For Sunshine, who started it all. iii

The Essential Bat We go out of our course to make ourselves uncom fortable the cup of life is not bitter enough to our palate, and we distill superfluous poison to put into it, or conjure up hideous

The Essential Bat Acknowledgements I would like to thank my husband, Martin, for his unending patience through the hours of research and writing for this project, and for his steadfast belief that I

The Essential Bat Table of Contents Foreword................................................................ 1 Introduction.............................................................. 2 Why Bat Wor

The Essential Bat Table of Contents The Future Bat.......................................................... White Nose Syndrome............................................. Wind Farming.............

The Essential Bat Foreword Dottie Hyatt , Vice President, Bat World Sanctuary Roughly one out of every four mammals on earth is a bat. Consider this if your day includes soap, shampoo, cosmetics, a

The Essential Bat because a bats wings are simply elongated fingers that are covered with a delicate skin membrane to form a flight surface. Bats are the only flying mammal. There are over 1,100 diff

The Essential Bat Introduction W HY B AT W ORLD One of the questions we are asked most often at public presentations is why bats There are so many myths and misconceptions about bats that many peopl

The Essential Bat back into their natural habitat and providing lifelong sanctuary for bats that cannot be released but for whom a quality life can still be obtained. Bat Worlds mission also includes

The Essential Bat The Natural Bat Wondrous Variety Bats are among the most beautiful and agile creatures to grace our night skies, yet they remain one of the most mythical and secretive animals on Ea

The Essential Bat Three species of bats in the United States feed on nectar. These three species are the longnosed bat Leptonycteris nivalis, the lesser longnosed bat Leptonycteris yerbabuenae, and t

The Essential Bat individuals, disruption or disturbance of any kind to these hibernacula may result in the loss of large numbers of bats which can impact agricultural interests in many states or pro

The Essential Bat The tail membrane uropatagium of foliage roosting bats is fully furred. 8

The Essential Bat Anatomy of the Wing The upper arm bone in a bat is the humerus. The muscles that move these bones are the same as those found in humans, although they have been modified for their r

The Essential Bat above the bats body and slightly backwards. This series of movements is called a wingbeat cycle. Bats fly by using a series of wingbeat cycles. The final and smallest appendage proj

The Essential Bat Breeding, Gestation and Maturation Bats are mammals. They have fur, marrowfilled bones, give birth to live young, and produce milk for their offspring called pups. The females of mo

The Essential Bat Some crevicedwelling species commonly bear twins, such as the big brown bat E. fuscus and the evening bat N. humeralis. Rarely, triplets are known to occur. In these species, the mo